[PATCH v4 00/24] lockless n_tty receive path

From: Peter Hurley
Date: Sat Jun 15 2013 - 09:15:03 EST


As before, this patchset is dependent on the 'ldsem patchset'.
The reason is that this series abandons tty->receive_room as
a flow control mechanism (because that requires locking),
and the TIOCSETD ioctl _without ldsem_ uses tty->receive_room
to shutoff i/o.

It is also dependent on 'n_tty fixes' which I recently resent
to you.

Peter Hurley


This patchset is the 1st of 4 patchsets which implements an almost
entirely lockless receive path from driver to user-space.

Non-rigorous performance measurements show a 9~15x speed improvement
on SMP in end-to-end copying with all 4 patchsets applied.

** v4 changes **
- Rebased on tty.git/tty-next of 14 Jun

** v3 changes **
- Instead of a new receive_room() ldisc method which requires acquiring
the termios_rwsem twice for every flip buffer received, this patchset
version adds an alternate receive_buf2() ldisc method for use with
flow-controlled line disciplines (like N_TTY). This also fixes a
race when termios can be changed between computing the receive space
available and the subsequent receive_buf().
- Converts vt paste_selection() to use a helper function for this new
ldisc method.
- Protects the n_tty_write() path from termios changes.
- Optimizes the N_TTY throttle/unthrottle by only offering termios
read-safety to the driver throttle()/unthrottle() methods.
- Special-casing pty throttle/unthrottle to avoid multiple atomic
operations for every read.

** v2 changes **
- Rebased on top of 'tty: Fix race condition if flushing tty flip buffers'
- I forgot to mention; this is ~35% faster on end-to-end tests on SMP.

This patchset implements lockless receive from tty flip buffers
to the n_tty read buffer and lockless copy into the user-space
read buffer.

By lockless, I'm referring to the fine-grained read_lock formerly used
to serialize access to the shared n_tty read buffer (which wasn't being
used everywhere it should have been).

In the current n_tty, the read_lock is grabbed a minimum of
3 times per byte!
- ^^^^
- should say 2 times per byte!

The read_lock is unnecessary to serialize access between the flip
buffer work and the single reader, as this is a
single-producer/single-consumer pattern.

However, other threads may attempt to read or modify the buffer indices,
notably for buffer flushing and for setting/resetting termios
(there are some others). In addition, termios changes can cause
havoc while the tty flip buffer work is pushing more data.
Read more about that here: https://lkml.org/lkml/2013/2/22/480

Both hurdles are overcome with the same mechanism: converting the
termios_mutex to a r/w semaphore (just a normal one :).

Both the receive_buf() path and the read() path claim a reader lock
on the termios_rwsem. This prevents concurrent changes to termios.
Also, flush_buffer() and TIOCINQ ioctl obtain a write lock on the
termios_rwsem to exclude the flip buffer work and user-space read
from accessing the buffer indices while resetting them.

This patchset also implements a block copy from the read_buf
into the user-space buffer in canonical mode (rather than the
current byte-by-byte method).

Peter Hurley (24):
tty: Don't change receive_room for ioctl(TIOCSETD)
tty: Simplify tty buffer/ldisc interface with helper function
tty: Make ldisc input flow control concurrency-friendly
n_tty: Factor canonical mode copy from n_tty_read()
n_tty: Line copy to user buffer in canonical mode
n_tty: Split n_tty_chars_in_buffer() for reader-only interface
tty: Deprecate ldisc .chars_in_buffer() method
n_tty: Get read_cnt through accessor
n_tty: Don't wrap input buffer indices at buffer size
n_tty: Remove read_cnt
tty: Convert termios_mutex to termios_rwsem
n_tty: Access termios values safely
n_tty: Replace canon_data with index comparison
n_tty: Make N_TTY ldisc receive path lockless
n_tty: Reset lnext if canonical mode changes
n_tty: Fix type mismatches in receive_buf raw copy
n_tty: Don't wait for buffer work in read() loop
n_tty: Separate buffer indices to prevent cache-line sharing
tty: Only guarantee termios read safety for throttle/unthrottle
n_tty: Move chars_in_buffer() to factor throttle/unthrottle
n_tty: Factor throttle/unthrottle into helper functions
n_tty: Move n_tty_write_wakeup() to avoid forward declaration
n_tty: Special case pty flow control
n_tty: Queue buffer work on any available cpu

drivers/net/irda/irtty-sir.c | 8 +-
drivers/tty/n_tty.c | 662 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------------
drivers/tty/pty.c | 4 +-
drivers/tty/tty_buffer.c | 34 ++-
drivers/tty/tty_io.c | 15 +-
drivers/tty/tty_ioctl.c | 90 +++---
drivers/tty/tty_ldisc.c | 13 +-
drivers/tty/vt/selection.c | 4 +-
drivers/tty/vt/vt.c | 4 +-
include/linux/tty.h | 21 +-
include/linux/tty_ldisc.h | 13 +
11 files changed, 530 insertions(+), 338 deletions(-)


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