Re: [PATCH] ACPI / hotplug: Fix concurrency issues and memory leaks

From: Yinghai Lu
Date: Tue Feb 12 2013 - 20:55:33 EST

On Tue, Feb 12, 2013 at 4:19 PM, Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@xxxxxxx> wrote:
> From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@xxxxxxxxx>
> This changeset is aimed at fixing a few different but related
> problems in the ACPI hotplug infrastructure.
> First of all, since notify handlers may be run in parallel with
> acpi_bus_scan(), acpi_bus_trim() and acpi_bus_hot_remove_device()
> and some of them are installed for ACPI handles that have no struct
> acpi_device objects attached (i.e. before those objects are created),
> those notify handlers have to take acpi_scan_lock to prevent races
> from taking place (e.g. a struct acpi_device is found to be present
> for the given ACPI handle, but right after that it is removed by
> acpi_bus_trim() running in parallel to the given notify handler).
> Moreover, since some of them call acpi_bus_scan() and
> acpi_bus_trim(), this leads to the conclusion that acpi_scan_lock
> should be acquired by the callers of these two funtions rather by
> these functions themselves.
> For these reasons, make all notify handlers that can handle device
> addition and eject events take acpi_scan_lock and remove the
> acpi_scan_lock locking from acpi_bus_scan() and acpi_bus_trim().
> Accordingly, update all of their users to make sure that they
> are always called under acpi_scan_lock.
> Furthermore, since eject operations are carried out asynchronously
> with respect to the notify events that trigger them, with the help
> of acpi_bus_hot_remove_device(), even if notify handlers take the
> ACPI scan lock, it still is possible that, for example,
> acpi_bus_trim() will run between acpi_bus_hot_remove_device() and
> the notify handler that scheduled its execution and that
> acpi_bus_trim() will remove the device node passed to
> acpi_bus_hot_remove_device() for ejection. In that case, the struct
> acpi_device object obtained by acpi_bus_hot_remove_device() will be
> invalid and not-so-funny things will ensue. To protect agaist that,
> make the users of acpi_bus_hot_remove_device() run get_device() on
> ACPI device node objects that are about to be passed to it and make
> acpi_bus_hot_remove_device() run put_device() on them and check if
> their ACPI handles are not NULL (make acpi_device_unregister() clear
> the device nodes' ACPI handles for that check to work).
> Finally, observe that acpi_os_hotplug_execute() actually can fail,
> in which case its caller ought to free memory allocated for the
> context object to prevent leaks from happening. It also needs to
> run put_device() on the device node that it ran get_device() on
> previously in that case. Modify the code accordingly.
> Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@xxxxxxxxx>

Acked-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@xxxxxxxxxx>
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