[tip:sched/urgent] sched: Initialize cfs_rq->runtime_remaining to non-zero on cfs bw set

From: tip-bot for Vladimir Davydov
Date: Fri Feb 08 2013 - 10:18:31 EST

Commit-ID: 0a702bb8af3c1b2dff355fb3c27e7f7d5285e30b
Gitweb: http://git.kernel.org/tip/0a702bb8af3c1b2dff355fb3c27e7f7d5285e30b
Author: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
AuthorDate: Fri, 8 Feb 2013 11:10:46 +0400
Committer: Ingo Molnar <mingo@xxxxxxxxxx>
CommitDate: Fri, 8 Feb 2013 15:14:38 +0100

sched: Initialize cfs_rq->runtime_remaining to non-zero on cfs bw set

If cfs_rq->runtime_remaining is <= 0 then either

- cfs_rq is throttled and waiting for quota redistribution, or
- cfs_rq is currently executing and will be throttled on put_prev_entity, or
- cfs_rq is not throttled and has not executed since its quota was set
(runtime_remaining is set to 0 on cfs bandwidth reconfiguration).

It is obvious that the last case is rather an exception from the
rule "runtime_remaining<=0 iff cfs_rq is throttled or will be
throttled as soon as it finishes its execution".

Moreover, it can lead to a task hang as follows. If
put_prev_task() is called immediately after first pick_next_task
after quota was set, "immediately" meaning rq->clock in both
functions is the same, then the corresponding cfs_rq will be

Besides being unfair (the cfs_rq has not executed in fact), the
quota refilling timer can be idle at that time and it won't be
activated on put_prev_task because update_curr calls
account_cfs_rq_runtime, which activates the timer, only if
delta_exec is strictly positive. As a result we can get a task
"running" inside a throttled cfs_rq which will probably never be

To avoid the problem, the patch makes tg_set_cfs_bandwidth
initialize runtime_remaining of each cfs_rq to 1 instead of 0 so
that the cfs_rq will be throttled only if it has executed for
some positive number of nanoseconds.

Several times we had our customers encountered such hangs inside
a VM (seems something is wrong or rather different in time
accounting there). Analyzing crash dumps revealed that hung
tasks were running inside cfs_rq's, which had the following


which conforms pretty nice to the explanation given above.

Signed-off-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: <devel@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@xxxxxxxxxx>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1360307446-26978-1-git-send-email-vdavydov@xxxxxxxxxxxxx
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@xxxxxxxxxx>
kernel/sched/core.c | 2 +-
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 26058d0..c7a078f 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -7686,7 +7686,7 @@ static int tg_set_cfs_bandwidth(struct task_group *tg, u64 period, u64 quota)

cfs_rq->runtime_enabled = runtime_enabled;
- cfs_rq->runtime_remaining = 0;
+ cfs_rq->runtime_remaining = 1;

if (cfs_rq->throttled)
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