RE: [RFC PATCHv5 1/7] HSI: hsi: Introducing HSI framework

From: Carlos Chinea
Date: Fri Jul 22 2011 - 06:48:46 EST

Hi Sjur,

Sorry for the long delay. My comments below:

On Tue, 2011-06-28 at 15:05 +0200, ext Sjur BRENDELAND wrote:
-- cut--
> >
> > > Will multiple read queued operations result in chained DMA
> > operations, or single read operations?
> > >
> >
> > Well, it is up to you, but my initial idea is that the complete
> > callback is called right after the request has been fulfilled. This
> > may be not possible if you chain several read requests.
> I think our concern is to squeeze every bit of bandwidth out of the link.
> Perhaps we can utilize bandwidth better by chaining the DMA jobs.
> But due to latency we need the complete callback for each DMA job.
> If the DMA cannot handle this, the HSI controller should handle the queuing
> of IO requests.


> > > ...
> > > >+/**
> > > >+ * hsi_flush - Flush all pending transactions on the client's port
> > > >+ * @cl: Pointer to the HSI client
> > > >+ *
> > > >+ * This function will destroy all pending hsi_msg in the port and
> > reset
> > > >+ * the HW port so it is ready to receive and transmit from a clean
> > state.
> > > >+ *
> > > >+ * Return -errno on failure, 0 on success */ static inline int
> > > >+hsi_flush(struct hsi_client *cl) {
> > > >+ if (!hsi_port_claimed(cl))
> > > >+ return -EACCES;
> > > >+ return hsi_get_port(cl)->flush(cl); }
> > >
> > > For CAIF we need to have independent RX and TX flush operations.
> > >
> >
> > The current framework assumes that in the unlikely case of an error or
> > whenever you need to to do some cleanup, you will end up cleaning up
> > the two sides anyway. Moreover, you will reset the state of the HW
> > also.
> >
> > Exactly, in which case CAIF will only need to cleanup the TX path but
> > not the RX or vice versa ?
> >
> > > Flushing the TX FIFO can be long duration operation due to HSI flow
> > control,
> > > if counterpart is not receiving data. I would prefer to see a
> > callback here.
> > >
> >
> > No, flush should not wait for an ongoing TX transfer to finish. You
> > should stop all ongoing transfers, call the destructor callback on all
> > the requests (queued and ongoing) and clean up the HW state.
> ...
> > > *Missing function*: hsi_reset()
> > > I would also like to see a hsi_reset function.
> >
> > This is currently done also in the hsi_flush. See my previous comment.
> Sorry, I misunderstood your API description here. hsi_flush() seems to work
> like the hsi_reset I was looking for. I would prefer if you rename this
> function to hsi_reset for clarity (see flush_work() in workqueue.c, where
> flush wait for the work to finish).
> Anyway, I still see a need for ensuring fifos are empty or reading the
> number of bytes in the fifos.
> CAIF is using the wake lines for controlling when the Modem and Host can
> power down the HSI blocks. In order to go to low power mode, the Host set
> AC_WAKE low, and wait for modem to respond by setting CA_WAKE low. The host
> cannot set AC_WAKE high again before modem has done CA_WAKE low (in order
> to avoid races).
> When going up from low power anyone could set the WAKE line high, and wait for
> the other side to respond by setting WAKE line high.
> So CAIF implements the following protocol for handshaking before going to
> low-power mode:
> 1. Inactivity timeout expires on Host, i.e the host has nothing to send and no
> RX has happened the last couple of seconds.
> 2. Host request low-power state by setting AC_WAKE low. In this state Host
> side can still receive data, but is not allowed to send data.
> 3. Modem responds with setting CA_WAKE low, and cannot send data either.
> 4. When both AC_WAKE and CA_WAKE are low, the host must set AC_FLAG, AC_DATA
> and AC_READY low.
> 5. When Host side RX-fifo is empty and DMA jobs are completed,
> ongoing RX requests are cancelled.
> 6. HSI block can be powered down.
> After AC_WAKE is set low the Host must guarantee that the modem does not receive
> data until AC_WAKE is high again. This implies that the Host must know that the
> TX FIFO is empty before setting the AC_WAKE low. So we need some way to know that
> the TX fifo is empty.
> I think the cleanest design here is that hsi_stop_tx() handles this.
> So his_stop_tx() should wait for any pending TX jobs and wait for the TX
> FIFO to be empty, and then set the AC_WAKE low.

Hmmm, I don't like this. My initial idea is that you could call this
functions on interrupt context. This will prevent this. However, nothing
prevents you from schedule a delayed work, which will be in charge of
checking that the last frame has gone through the wire and then bring
down the AC_WAKE line.

> As described above, when going down to low power mode the host has set AC_WAKE low.
> The Host should then set AC_FLAG, AC_DATA and AC_READY low.
> >...I think also the
> >workaround of setting the DATA and FLAG lines low can be implemented
> >just in the hsi_controller without hsi_client intervention.
> Great :-) Perhaps a function hsi_stop_rx()?

No need for a new function. The hsi_controller driver knows when it goes
to "low power mode" so it can set the DATA and FLAG lines down just righ
before that.

> > > *Missing function*: hsi_rx_fifo_occupancy()
> > > Before putting the link asleep we need to know if the fifo is empty
> > > or not.
> > > So we would like to have a way to read out the number of bytes in the
> > > RX fifo.
> >
> > This should be handled only by hsi_controller. Clients should not care
> > about this.
> There is a corner case when going to low power mode and both side has put the WAKE line low,
> but a RX DMA job is ongoing or the RX-fifo is not empty.
> In this case the host side must wait for the DMA job to complete and RX-
> fifo to be empty, before canceling any pending RX jobs.
> One option would be to provide a function hsi_rx_sync() that guarantees that any ongoing
> RX-job is completed and that the RX FIFO is empty. Another option could be to be
> able to provide API for reading RX-job states and RX-fifo occupancy.

I think we don't need another function to do this neither. The
hsi_controller driver should implement a usecount scheme to know when
the HW can be switch off. IMO it is not a good idea to relay just on the
wakelines to power on/off the device, exactly because of this kind of

Carlos Chinea <carlos.chinea@xxxxxxxxx>

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