[PATCH]vmscan: fix a livelock in kswapd

From: Shaohua Li
Date: Tue Jul 19 2011 - 03:09:33 EST

I'm running a workload which triggers a lot of swap in a machine with 4 nodes.
After I kill the workload, I found a kswapd livelock. Sometimes kswapd3 or
kswapd2 are keeping running and I can't access filesystem, but most memory is
free. This looks like a regression since commit 08951e545918c159.
Node 2 and 3 have only ZONE_NORMAL, but balance_pgdat() will return 0 for
classzone_idx. The reason is end_zone in balance_pgdat() is 0 by default, if
all zones have watermark ok, end_zone will keep 0.
Later sleeping_prematurely() always returns true. Because this is an order 3
wakeup, and if classzone_idx is 0, both balanced_pages and present_pages
in pgdat_balanced() are 0.
We add a special case here. If a zone has no page, we think it's balanced. This
fixes the livelock.

Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shaohua.li@xxxxxxxxx>

diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
index 5ed24b9..ad4056f 100644
--- a/mm/vmscan.c
+++ b/mm/vmscan.c
@@ -2310,7 +2310,8 @@ static bool pgdat_balanced(pg_data_t *pgdat, unsigned long balanced_pages,
for (i = 0; i <= classzone_idx; i++)
present_pages += pgdat->node_zones[i].present_pages;

- return balanced_pages > (present_pages >> 2);
+ /* A special case here: if zone has no page, we think it's balanced */
+ return balanced_pages >= (present_pages >> 2);

/* is kswapd sleeping prematurely? */

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