Re: [PATCH] Fix OOPS in mmap_region() when merging adjacent VM_LOCKEDfile segments

From: Hugh Dickins
Date: Sat Jan 31 2009 - 07:19:32 EST

On Fri, 30 Jan 2009, Linus Torvalds wrote:
> On Fri, 30 Jan 2009, Hugh Dickins wrote:
> >
> > By the same (used to merge, now won't) argument, one could say
> > VM_INSERTPAGE should be there too; but whereas VM_MIXEDMAP is used
> > in one place only, quite a lot of drivers use vm_insert_page(), so
> > I feel more comfortable with the idea that it's stopping merges -
> > though in that case, shouldn't we add it to VM_SPECIAL?
> Why? Because VM_INSERTPAGE implies that mmap() itself quite possibly
> actually _does_ something (it may have inserted _all_ the pages, and may
> not even have any ->fault handler at all).
> So we can't just expand a current mapping and forget about it, we need to
> do the mmap(). So the "only do merges early" fundamentally cannot merge
> such a vma, even if the old code did.

Good point indeed. Same as why we test for it in copy_page_range().
Should it be added to VM_SPECIAL? Not for this particular (need to
call ->mmap) reason, but we probably ought to add it anyway.


> Of course, we could look at whether it has a ->fault handler as an
> indication of whether it's possible to merge or not. We already do that
> for ->close, and in many ways ->fault would likely be a better indicator
> of whether something is mergeable or not.
> But there's really no point. VM_INSERTPAGE implies a very special mapping:
> it's used by things like the SCSI target user space ring map, or the magic
> network packet mmap thing. If you use those things, you really don't care
> about merging adjacent VM's anyway, and at least the two I looked at
> really do the whole "pre-populate at mmap time" thing.
> And at least the packet one really does have a ->close function, and lacks
> a ->fault function, so it wouldn't have merged before either (and looking
> at ->fault again seems to be as valid as looking at ->close).
> Linus
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