Re: Mercurial 0.4b vs git patchbomb benchmark

From: Matt Mackall
Date: Sat Apr 30 2005 - 10:22:05 EST

On Sat, Apr 30, 2005 at 04:52:11AM +0200, Andrea Arcangeli wrote:
> On Fri, Apr 29, 2005 at 01:39:59PM -0700, Matt Mackall wrote:
> > Mercurial is ammenable to rsync provided you devote a read-only
> > repository to it on the client side. In other words, you rsync from
> > to local/linus and then you merge from
> > local/linus to your own branch. Mercurial's hashing hierarchy is
> > similar to git's (and Monotone's), so you can sign a single hash of
> > the tree as well.
> Ok fine. It's also interesting how you already enabled partial transfers
> through http.
> Please apply this patch so it doesn't fail on my setup ;)
> --- mercurial-0.4b/hg.~1~ 2005-04-29 02:52:52.000000000 +0200
> +++ mercurial-0.4b/hg 2005-04-30 00:53:02.000000000 +0200
> @@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
> -#!/usr/bin/python
> +#!/usr/bin/env python


> On a bit more technical side, one thing I'm wondering about is the
> compression. If I change mercurial like this:
> --- 2005-04-29 01:33:14.000000000 +0200
> +++ 2005-04-30 03:54:12.000000000 +0200
> @@ -11,9 +11,11 @@
> import zlib, struct, mdiff, sha, binascii, os, tempfile
> def compress(text):
> + return text
> return zlib.compress(text)
> def decompress(bin):
> + return text
> return zlib.decompress(bin)
> def hash(text):
> the .hg directory sizes changes from 167M to 302M _BUT_ the _compressed_
> size of the .hg directory (i.e. like in a full network transfer with
> rsync -z or a tar.gz backup) changes from 55M to 38M:
> andrea@opteron:~/devel/kernel> du -sm hg-orig hg-aa hg-orig.tar.bz2 hg-aa.tar.bz2
> 167 hg-orig
> 302 hg-aa
> 55 hg-orig.tar.bz2
> 38 hg-aa.tar.bz2
> ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 38M backup and network transfer is what I want
> So I don't really see an huge benefit in compression, other than to
> slowdown the checkins measurably [i.e. what Linus doesn't want] (the
> time of compression is a lot higher than the time of python runtime during
> checkin, so it's hard to believe your 100% boost with psyco in the hg file,
> sometime psyco doesn't make any difference infact, I'd rather prefer people to
> work on the real thing of generating native bytecode at compile time, rather
> than at runtime, like some haskell compiler can do).

Most of that psyco speed up is accelerating subsequent diffs in
difflib, which you probably didn't hit yet.

> mercurial is already good at decreasing the entropy by using an efficient
> storage format, it doesn't need to cheat by putting compression on each blob
> that can only leads to bad ratios when doing backups and while transferring
> more than one blob through the network.
> So I suggest to try disabling compression optionally, perhaps it'll be even
> faster than git in the initial checkin that way! No need of compressing or
> decompressing anything with mercurial (unlike with git that would explode
> without control w/o compression).

I can make it some sort of environment variable, sure. I think the
speed is already in a domain where it's not a big deal though. There
are other things to do first, like unifying the merge/commit/update

> Http is not intended for maximal efficiency, it's there just to make
> life easy. special protocol with zlib is required for maximum
> efficiency.

Yeah, I've got a plan here.

> You also should move the .py into a hg directory, so that they won't
> pollute the site-packages.

Yep, I'm rather new to actually packaging my Python hacks.

Mathematics is the supreme nostalgia of our time.
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