Re: Very high bandwith packet based interface and performance problems

From: Nye Liu (
Date: Wed Feb 21 2001 - 17:11:57 EST

On Wed, Feb 21, 2001 at 10:07:32PM +0000, Alan Cox wrote:
> > that because the kernel was getting 99% of the cpu, the application was
> > getting very little, and thus the read wasn't happening fast enough, and
> Seems reasonable
> > This is NOT what I'm seeing at all.. the kernel load appears to be
> > pegged at 100% (or very close to it), the user space app is getting
> > enough cpu time to read out about 10-20Mbit, and FURTHERMORE the kernel
> > appears to be ACKING ALL the traffic, which I don't understand at all
> > (e.g. the transmitter is simply blasting 300MBit of tcp unrestricted)
> TCP _requires_ the remote end ack every 2nd frame regardless of progress.
> > With udp, we can get the full 300MBit throughput, but only if we shape
> > the load to 300Mbit. If we increase the load past 300 MBit, the received
> > frames (at the user space udp app) drops to 10-20MBit, again due to
> > user-space application scheduling problems.
> How is your incoming traffic handled architecturally - irq per packet or
> some kind of ring buffer with irq mitigation. Do you know where the cpu
> load is - is it mostly the irq servicing or mostly network stack ?

Alan: thanks again for your prompt response!

bus mastered DMA ring buffer. As to the load, I'm not quite sure... we
were using a fairly large ring buffer, but increasing/decreasing the size
didn't seem to affect the number of packets per interrrupt. I added a
little watermarking code, and it seems that we do (at peak) about 30-35
packets per interrupt. That is STILL a heck of a lot of interrupts! I
can't quite figure out why the driver refuses to go deeper.

I can think of a couple possible solutions. our interface has a HUGE
amount of hardware buffers, so I can easily simply stop reading for
a small time if we detect conjestion... can you suggest a nice clean
mechanism for this?

any other ideas?
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This archive was generated by hypermail 2b29 : Fri Feb 23 2001 - 21:00:25 EST