Re: BUG: spinlock lockup

From: Will Deacon
Date: Mon Jan 20 2014 - 05:21:13 EST

On Sat, Jan 18, 2014 at 07:25:51AM +0000, naveen yadav wrote:
> We are using 3.8.x kernel on ARM, We are facing soft lockup issue.
> Following are the logs.

Which CPU/SoC are you using?

> BUG: spinlock lockup suspected on CPU#0, process1/525
> lock: 0xd8ac9a64, .magic: dead4ead, .owner: <none>/-1, .owner_cpu: -1
> 1 . Looks like lock is available as owner is -1, why arch_spin_trylock
> is getting failed ?

Is this with or without the ticket lock patches? Can you inspect the actual
value of the arch_spinlock_t?

> 2. There is a patch : ARM: spinlock: retry trylock operation if strex
> fails on free lock
> In this patch, A loop has been added around strexeq %2, %0, [%3]".
> {Comment "retry the trylock operation if the lock appears
> to be free but the strex reported failure"}
> but arch_spin_trylock is called by __spin_lock_debug and its already
> getting called in loops. So what purpose is resolves?

Does this patch help your issue? The purpose of it is to distinguish between
two types of contention:

(1) The lock is actually taken
(2) The lock is free, but two people are doing a trylock at the same time

In the case of (2), we do actually want to spin again otherwise you could
potentially end up in a pathological case where the two CPUs repeatedly
shoot down each other's monitor and forward progress isn't made until the
sequence is broken by something like an interrupt.

> static void __spin_lock_debug(raw_spinlock_t *lock)
> {
> u64 i;
> u64 loops = loops_per_jiffy * HZ;
> for (i = 0; i < loops; i++) {
> if (arch_spin_trylock(&lock->raw_lock))
> return;
> __delay(1);
> }
> /* lockup suspected: */
> spin_dump(lock, "lockup suspected");
> }
> 3. Is this patch useful to us, How can we reproduce this scenario ?
> Scenario : Lock is available but arch_spin_trylock is returning as failure

Potentially. Why can't you simply apply the patch and see if it resolves your

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