[PATCH v2 3/3] memcg: use __this_cpu_sub() to dec stats to avoid incorrect subtrahend casting

From: Greg Thelen
Date: Sun Oct 27 2013 - 13:31:51 EST

As of v3.11-9444-g3ea67d0 "memcg: add per cgroup writeback pages
accounting" memcg counter errors are possible when moving charged
memory to a different memcg. Charge movement occurs when processing
writes to memory.force_empty, moving tasks to a memcg with
memcg.move_charge_at_immigrate=1, or memcg deletion. An example
showing error after memory.force_empty:
$ cd /sys/fs/cgroup/memory
$ mkdir x
$ rm /data/tmp/file
$ (echo $BASHPID >> x/tasks && exec mmap_writer /data/tmp/file 1M) &
[1] 13600
$ grep ^mapped x/memory.stat
mapped_file 1048576
$ echo 13600 > tasks
$ echo 1 > x/memory.force_empty
$ grep ^mapped x/memory.stat
mapped_file 4503599627370496

mapped_file should end with 0.
4503599627370496 == 0x10,0000,0000,0000 == 0x100,0000,0000 pages
1048576 == 0x10,0000 == 0x100 pages

This issue only affects the source memcg on 64 bit machines; the
destination memcg counters are correct. So the rmdir case is not too
important because such counters are soon disappearing with the entire
memcg. But the memcg.force_empty and
memory.move_charge_at_immigrate=1 cases are larger problems as the
bogus counters are visible for the (possibly long) remaining life of
the source memcg.

The problem is due to memcg use of __this_cpu_from(.., -nr_pages),
which is subtly wrong because it subtracts the unsigned int nr_pages
(either -1 or -512 for THP) from a signed long percpu counter. When
nr_pages=-1, -nr_pages=0xffffffff. On 64 bit machines
stat->count[idx] is signed 64 bit. So memcg's attempt to simply
decrement a count (e.g. from 1 to 0) boils down to:
long count = 1
unsigned int nr_pages = 1
count += -nr_pages /* -nr_pages == 0xffff,ffff */
count is now 0x1,0000,0000 instead of 0

The fix is to subtract the unsigned page count rather than adding its
negation. This only works once "percpu: fix this_cpu_sub() subtrahend
casting for unsigneds" is applied to fix this_cpu_sub().

Signed-off-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@xxxxxxxxxx>
Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@xxxxxxxxxx>
mm/memcontrol.c | 2 +-
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
index aa8185c..b7ace0f 100644
--- a/mm/memcontrol.c
+++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
@@ -3773,7 +3773,7 @@ void mem_cgroup_move_account_page_stat(struct mem_cgroup *from,
/* Update stat data for mem_cgroup */
- __this_cpu_add(from->stat->count[idx], -nr_pages);
+ __this_cpu_sub(from->stat->count[idx], nr_pages);
__this_cpu_add(to->stat->count[idx], nr_pages);

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