Re: [PATCH v6 3/7] KVM: MMU: fast invalidate all pages

From: Gleb Natapov
Date: Wed May 22 2013 - 09:18:11 EST

On Wed, May 22, 2013 at 05:41:10PM +0800, Xiao Guangrong wrote:
> On 05/22/2013 04:54 PM, Gleb Natapov wrote:
> > On Wed, May 22, 2013 at 04:46:04PM +0800, Xiao Guangrong wrote:
> >> On 05/22/2013 02:34 PM, Gleb Natapov wrote:
> >>> On Tue, May 21, 2013 at 10:33:30PM -0300, Marcelo Tosatti wrote:
> >>>> On Tue, May 21, 2013 at 11:39:03AM +0300, Gleb Natapov wrote:
> >>>>>> Any pages with stale information will be zapped by kvm_mmu_zap_all().
> >>>>>> When that happens, page faults will take place which will automatically
> >>>>>> use the new generation number.
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> So still not clear why is this necessary.
> >>>>>>
> >>>>> This is not, strictly speaking, necessary, but it is the sane thing to do.
> >>>>> You cannot update page's generation number to prevent it from been
> >>>>> destroyed since after kvm_mmu_zap_all() completes stale ptes in the
> >>>>> shadow page may point to now deleted memslot. So why build shadow page
> >>>>> table with a page that is in a process of been destroyed?
> >>>>
> >>>> OK, can this be introduced separately, in a later patch, with separate
> >>>> justification, then?
> >>>>
> >>>> Xiao please have the first patches of the patchset focus on the problem
> >>>> at hand: fix long mmu_lock hold times.
> >>>>
> >>>>> Not sure what you mean again. We flush TLB once before entering this function.
> >>>>> kvm_reload_remote_mmus() does this for us, no?
> >>>>
> >>>> kvm_reload_remote_mmus() is used as an optimization, its separate from the
> >>>> problem solution.
> >>>>
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> What was suggested was... go to phrase which starts with "The only purpose
> >>>>>> of the generation number should be to".
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> The comment quoted here does not match that description.
> >>>>>>
> >>>>> The comment describes what code does and in this it is correct.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> You propose to not reload roots right away and do it only when root sp
> >>>>> is encountered, right? So my question is what's the point? There are,
> >>>>> obviously, root sps with invalid generation number at this point, so
> >>>>> reload will happen regardless in kvm_mmu_prepare_zap_page(). So why not
> >>>>> do it here right away and avoid it in kvm_mmu_prepare_zap_page() for
> >>>>> invalid and obsolete sps as I proposed in one of my email?
> >>>>
> >>>> Sure. But Xiao please introduce that TLB collapsing optimization as a
> >>>> later patch, so we can reason about it in a more organized fashion.
> >>>
> >>> So, if I understand correctly, you are asking to move is_obsolete_sp()
> >>> check from kvm_mmu_get_page() and kvm_reload_remote_mmus() from
> >>> kvm_mmu_invalidate_all_pages() to a separate patch. Fine by me, but if
> >>> we drop kvm_reload_remote_mmus() from kvm_mmu_invalidate_all_pages() the
> >>> call to kvm_mmu_invalidate_all_pages() in emulator_fix_hypercall() will
> >>> become nop. But I question the need to zap all shadow pages tables there
> >>> in the first place, why kvm_flush_remote_tlbs() is not enough?
> >>
> >> I do not know too... I even do no know why kvm_flush_remote_tlbs
> >> is needed. :(
> > We changed the content of an executable page, we need to flush instruction
> > cache of all vcpus to not use stale data, so my suggestion to call
> I thought the reason is about icache too but icache is automatically
> flushed on x86, we only need to invalidate the prefetched instructions by
> executing a serializing operation.
> See the SDM in the chapter of
> "8.1.3 Handling Self- and Cross-Modifying Code"
Right, so we do cross-modifying code here and we need to make sure no
vcpu is running in a guest mode while this happens, but
kvm_mmu_zap_all() does not provide this guaranty since vcpus will
continue running after reloading roots!

> > kvm_flush_remote_tlbs() is obviously incorrect since this flushes tlb,
> > not instruction cache, but why kvm_reload_remote_mmus() would flush
> > instruction cache?
> kvm_reload_remote_mmus do not have any help i think.
> I find that this change is introduced by commit: 7aa81cc0
> and I have added Anthony in the CC.
> I also find some discussions related to calling
> kvm_reload_remote_mmus():
> >
> > But if the instruction is architecture dependent, and you run on the
> > wrong architecture, now you have to patch many locations at fault time,
> > introducing some nasty runtime code / data cache overlap performance
> > problems. Granted, they go away eventually.
> >
> We're addressing that by blowing away the shadow cache and holding the
> big kvm lock to ensure SMP safety. Not a great thing to do from a
> performance perspective but the whole point of patching is that the cost
> is amortized.
> (
> But i can not understand...
Back then kvm->lock protected memslot access so code like:


which is what 7aa81cc0 does was enough to guaranty that no vcpu will
run while code is patched. This is no longer the case and
mutex_lock(&vcpu->kvm->lock); is gone from that code path long time ago,
so now kvm_mmu_zap_all() there is useless and the code is incorrect.

Lets drop kvm_mmu_zap_all() there (in separate patch) and fix the
patching properly later.

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