Re: is L1 really disabled in iwlwifi

From: Bjorn Helgaas
Date: Thu May 16 2013 - 18:55:47 EST

On Sat, May 11, 2013 at 08:22:11PM +0000, Matthew Garrett wrote:
> On Sat, 2013-05-11 at 22:26 +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > On Friday, May 10, 2013 04:52:57 PM Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> > > I propose the following patch. Any comments?
> >
> > In my opinion this is dangerous, because it opens us to bugs that right now
> > are prevented from happening due to the way the code works.
> Right, I'm also not entirely comfortable with this. The current
> behaviour may be confusing, but we could reduce that by renaming the
> functions. I'm still not clear on whether anyone's actually seeing
> problems caused by the existing behaviour.

I couldn't imagine that silently ignoring the request to disable ASPM
would be the right thing, but I spent a long time experimenting with
Windows on qemu, and I think you're right. Windows 7 also seems to
ignore the "PciASPMOptOut" directive when we don't have permission
to manage ASPM. All the gory details are at

The current behavior is definitely confusing. I hate to rename or change
pci_disable_link_state() because it's exported and we'd have to maintain
the old interface for a while anyway. And I don't really want to return
failure to drivers, because I think that would encourage people to fiddle
with the Link Control register directly in the driver, which doesn't seem
like a good idea.

And you're also right that (as far as I know) there's not an actual
problem with the current behavior other than the confusion it causes.

So, how about something like the following patch, which just prints a
warning when we can't do what the driver requested? I suppose this may
also be a nuisance, because users will be worried, but they can't actually
*do* anything about it. Maybe it should be dev_info() instead.

commit f1956960fa0759c53b28e3a2810bd7e1b6e8925f
Author: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@xxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Wed May 15 17:02:37 2013 -0600

PCI/ASPM: Warn when driver asks to disable ASPM, but we can't do it

Some devices have hardware problems related to using ASPM. Drivers for
these devices use pci_disable_link_state() to prevent their device from
entering L0s or L1. But on platforms where the OS doesn't have permission
to manage ASPM, pci_disable_link_state() doesn't actually disable ASPM.

Windows has a similar mechanism ("PciASPMOptOut"), and when the OS doesn't
have control of ASPM, it doesn't actually disable ASPM either.

This patch just adds a warning in dmesg about the fact that
pci_disable_link_state() is doing nothing.

Reported-by: Emmanuel Grumbach <egrumbach@xxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@xxxxxxxxxx>

diff --git a/drivers/pci/pcie/aspm.c b/drivers/pci/pcie/aspm.c
index d320df6..faa83b6 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/pcie/aspm.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/pcie/aspm.c
@@ -724,9 +724,6 @@ static void __pci_disable_link_state(struct pci_dev *pdev, int state, bool sem,
struct pci_dev *parent = pdev->bus->self;
struct pcie_link_state *link;

- if (aspm_disabled && !force)
- return;
if (!pci_is_pcie(pdev))

@@ -736,6 +733,19 @@ static void __pci_disable_link_state(struct pci_dev *pdev, int state, bool sem,
if (!parent || !parent->link_state)

+ /*
+ * A driver requested that ASPM be disabled on this device, but
+ * if we don't have permission to manage ASPM (e.g., on ACPI
+ * systems we have to observe the FADT ACPI_FADT_NO_ASPM bit and
+ * the _OSC method), we can't honor that request. Windows has
+ * a similar mechanism using "PciASPMOptOut", which is also
+ * ignored in this situation.
+ */
+ if (aspm_disabled && !force) {
+ dev_warn(&pdev->dev, "can't disable ASPM; OS doesn't have ASPM control\n");
+ return;
+ }
if (sem)
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