Re: [PATCH v3 18/21] vmcore: check if vmcore objects satifymmap()'s page-size boundary requirement

From: HATAYAMA Daisuke
Date: Fri Mar 22 2013 - 03:11:38 EST

From: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@xxxxxxxxxx>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 18/21] vmcore: check if vmcore objects satify mmap()'s page-size boundary requirement
Date: Thu, 21 Mar 2013 10:49:29 -0400

> On Thu, Mar 21, 2013 at 12:22:59AM -0700, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
>> HATAYAMA Daisuke <d.hatayama@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx> writes:
>> > OK, rigorously, suceess or faliure of the requested free pages
>> > allocation depends on actual memory layout at the 2nd kernel boot. To
>> > increase the possibility of allocating memory, we have no method but
>> > reserve more memory for the 2nd kernel now.
>> Good enough. If there are fragmentation issues that cause allocation
>> problems on larger boxes we can use vmalloc and remap_vmalloc_range, but
>> we certainly don't need to start there.
>> Especialy as for most 8 or 16 core boxes we are talking about a 4KiB or
>> an 8KiBP allocation. Aka order 0 or order 1.
> Actually we are already handling the large SGI machines so we need
> to plan for 4096 cpus now while we write these patches.
> vmalloc() and remap_vmalloc_range() sounds reasonable. So that's what
> we should probaly use.
> Alternatively why not allocate everything in 4K pages and use vmcore_list
> to map offset into right addresses and call remap_pfn_range() on these
> addresses.

I have an introductory question about design of vmalloc. My
understanding is that vmalloc allocates *pages* enough to cover a
requested size and returns the first corresponding virtual address.
So, the address returned is inherently always page-size aligned.

It looks like vmalloc does so in the current implementation, but I
don't know older implementations and I cannot make sure this is
guranteed in vmalloc's interface. There's the comment explaing the
interface of vmalloc as below, but it seems to me a little vague in
that it doesn't say clearly what's is returned as an address.

* vmalloc - allocate virtually contiguous memory
* @size: allocation size
* Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level
* allocator and map them into contiguous kernel virtual space.
* For tight control over page level allocator and protection flags
* use __vmalloc() instead.
void *vmalloc(unsigned long size)
return __vmalloc_node_flags(size, NUMA_NO_NODE,

BTW, simple test module code also shows they returns page-size aligned
objects, where 1-byte objects are allocated 12-times.

$ dmesg | tail -n 12
[3552817.290982] test: objects[0] = ffffc9000060c000
[3552817.291197] test: objects[1] = ffffc9000060e000
[3552817.291379] test: objects[2] = ffffc9000067d000
[3552817.291566] test: objects[3] = ffffc90010f99000
[3552817.291833] test: objects[4] = ffffc90010f9b000
[3552817.292015] test: objects[5] = ffffc90010f9d000
[3552817.292207] test: objects[6] = ffffc90010f9f000
[3552817.292386] test: objects[7] = ffffc90010fa1000
[3552817.292574] test: objects[8] = ffffc90010fa3000
[3552817.292785] test: objects[9] = ffffc90010fa5000
[3552817.292964] test: objects[10] = ffffc90010fa7000
[3552817.293143] test: objects[11] = ffffc90010fa9000


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