Re: [PATCH 5/5] arm: dts: Convert mvebu device tree files to 64 bits

From: Jason Gunthorpe
Date: Thu Mar 21 2013 - 16:56:12 EST

On Thu, Mar 21, 2013 at 09:22:36PM +0100, Thomas Petazzoni wrote:

> And I'm not sure the SDRAM address decoding windows allows to split the
> first 4 GB of RAM into two areas, one that would be mapped starting at
> physical address 0x0, and another area that would be mapped at a
> different address (above 4 GB).

On prior Marvell chips the SDRAM is mapped on a rank by rank basis, so
each rank can be placed in DRAM properly.

> However, I'm unsure why 0xC0000000 was chosen. Why not 0xD0000000,
> where the internal registers currently start?

Probably because the 8GB is composed of 4 2GB ranks and what was done
is to map like this:

Rank 0 -> 0 -> 0x80000000 (2G)
Rank 1 -> 0x080000000 -> 0x0C0000000 (2G rank, 1G mapped)
Rank 2 -> 0x100000000 -> 0x180000000
Rank 3 -> 0x180000000 -> 0x300000000

The ranks must be power of two sizes, and aligned to their size,
so it isn't possible to get closer to 0xD0000000.

To recover the lost RAM the entire rank would need to be located
above 4G.

Or, better, locate all the internal registers above 8G and use
contiguous DRAM mapping from 0 -> 8GB

Linux is sensitive to the ratio of high/low memory, if that gets too
big it struggles, maximizing low memory is desirable - I assume ARM is
basically the same as x86 in this regard?

> So why not map the whole SDRAM above 4GB physical address?

I think the no-MMU boot mode would break if this was done?

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