[PATCH v3 00/21] kdump, vmcore: support mmap() on /proc/vmcore

From: HATAYAMA Daisuke
Date: Mon Mar 18 2013 - 22:30:09 EST

Currently, read to /proc/vmcore is done by read_oldmem() that uses
ioremap/iounmap per a single page. For example, if memory is 1GB,
ioremap/iounmap is called (1GB / 4KB)-times, that is, 262144
times. This causes big performance degradation.

In particular, the current main user of this mmap() is makedumpfile,
which not only reads memory from /proc/vmcore but also does other
processing like filtering, compression and IO work. Update of page
table and the following TLB flush makes such processing much slow;
though I have yet to make patch for makedumpfile and yet to confirm
how it's improved.

To address the issue, this patch implements mmap() on /proc/vmcore to
improve read performance. My simple benchmark shows the improvement
from 200 [MiB/sec] to over 50.0 [GiB/sec].


v2 => v3)

- Rebase 3.9-rc3.

- Copy program headers seprately from e_phoff in ELF note segment
buffer. Now there's no risk to allocate huge memory if program
header table positions after memory segment.
=> See PATCH 01.

- Add cleanup patch that removes unnecessary variable.
=> See PATCH 02.

- Fix wrongly using the variable that is buffer size configurable at
runtime. Instead, use the varibale that has original buffer size.
=> See PATCH 05.

v1 => v2)

- Clean up the existing codes: use e_phoff, and remove the assumption
on PT_NOTE entries.
=> See PATCH 01, 02.

- Fix potencial bug that ELF haeader size is not included in exported
vmcoreinfo size.
=> See Patch 03.

- Divide patch modifying read_vmcore() into two: clean-up and primary
code change.
=> See Patch 9, 10.

- Put ELF note segments in page-size boundary on the 1st kernel
instead of copying them into the buffer on the 2nd kernel.
=> See Patch 11, 12, 13, 14, 16.


No change is seen from the previous patch series. See the previous
one from here:


The benchmark using fixed makedumpfile on 32GB memory system is found



- Benchmark on system with tera-byte memory using fixed makedumpfile.

- fix crash utility to support NT_VMCORE_PAD note type, which donesn't
distinguish the same note types from different note names, which is
not conform to ELF specification; now NT_VMCORE_PAD note is wrongly
interpreted as NT_VMCORE_DEBUGINFO.


This patch set is composed based on v3.9-rc3.

Done on x86-64, x86-32 both with 1GB and over 4GB memory environments.


HATAYAMA Daisuke (21):
vmcore: introduce mmap_vmcore()
vmcore: count holes generated by round-up operation for vmcore size
vmcore: round-up offset of vmcore object in page-size boundary
vmcore: check if vmcore objects satify mmap()'s page-size boundary requirement
vmcore: check NT_VMCORE_PAD as a mark indicating the end of ELF note buffer
kexec: fill note buffers by NT_VMCORE_PAD notes in page-size boundary
elf: introduce NT_VMCORE_PAD type
kexec, elf: introduce NT_VMCORE_DEBUGINFO note type
kexec: allocate vmcoreinfo note buffer on page-size boundary
vmcore: allocate per-cpu crash_notes objects on page-size boundary
vmcore: read buffers for vmcore objects copied from old memory
vmcore: clean up read_vmcore()
vmcore: modify vmcore clean-up function to free buffer on 2nd kernel
vmcore: copy non page-size aligned head and tail pages in 2nd kernel
vmcore, procfs: introduce a flag to distinguish objects copied in 2nd kernel
vmcore: round up buffer size of ELF headers by PAGE_SIZE
vmcore: allocate buffer for ELF headers on page-size alignment
vmcore, sysfs: export ELF note segment size instead of vmcoreinfo data size
vmcore: rearrange program headers without assuming consequtive PT_NOTE entries
vmcore: clean up by removing unnecessary variable
vmcore: reference e_phoff member explicitly to get position of program header table

arch/s390/include/asm/kexec.h | 8 -
fs/proc/vmcore.c | 595 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
include/linux/kexec.h | 16 +
include/linux/proc_fs.h | 8 -
include/uapi/linux/elf.h | 5
kernel/kexec.c | 47 ++-
kernel/ksysfs.c | 2
7 files changed, 522 insertions(+), 159 deletions(-)


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