Re: [PATCH] ARM: hw_breakpoint: Enable debug powerdown only if systemsupports 'has_ossr'

From: Santosh Shilimkar
Date: Mon Mar 18 2013 - 11:44:56 EST

On Monday 18 March 2013 08:37 PM, Will Deacon wrote:
> Hi Santosh,
> On Mon, Mar 18, 2013 at 06:51:30AM +0000, Santosh Shilimkar wrote:
>> On Friday 15 March 2013 10:30 AM, Will Deacon wrote:
>>> Furthermore, I was under the impression that hw_breakpoint did actually
>>> work on panda, which implies that a cold boot *does* manage to reset the
>>> registers (can you please confirm this by looking in your dmesg during
>>> boot?). In that case, it seems as though a PM cycle is powering down a
>>> bunch of debug logic that was powered up during boot, and then we trip over
>>> because we can't access the register bank.
>> Actually it seems to be without PM. Thanks to analysis from Lokesh, the issue
>> can be seen even with just suspend or cpu hotplug. So cold boot as such is
>> fine.
> Right, so what you're saying is that monitor-mode hardware debug only works
> until the first pm/suspend/hotplug operation, then it's dead in the water?
>>> The proper solution to this problem requires us to establish exactly what is
>>> turning off the debug registers, and then having an OMAP PM notifier to
>>> enable it again. Assuming this has always been the case, I expect hardware
>>> debug across PM fails silently with older kernels.
>> This has been always the case it seems with CPU power cycle.
>> After the CPU is power cycled, 'DBGAUTHSTATUS' reads '0xaa' rather
>> than '0xaf' which means 'DBGEN = 0' and hence code fails to enable
>> monitor mode. This happens on both secure and GP devices and it can not
>> be patched since the secure code is ROM'ed. We didn't notice so far
>> because hw_breakpoint support was not default enabled on OMAP till the
>> multi-platform build.
> That really sucks :( Does this affect all OMAP-based boards?
All OMAP4 based boards..

>>>> I was also wondering whether we should just warn once rather
>>>> than continuous warnings in the notifier. Patch is end of the
>>>> email.
>>> Could do, but I'd like to see a fix for the real issue before we simply hide
>>> the warnings :)
>> Agree here too. As evident above, the feature won't work on OMAP4
>> devices with PM and hence some solution is needed.
>> What you think of below ?
> Comments inline...
>> From d74b4264f6a5967b0f7ada96aad77ab0ac30dbed Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
>> From: Santosh Shilimkar <santosh.shilimkar@xxxxxx>
>> Date: Mon, 18 Mar 2013 11:59:04 +0530
>> Subject: [PATCH] ARM: hw_breakpoints: Check for CPU debug availability before
>> enabling it
>> CPU debug features like hardware break, watchpoints can be used only when
>> the debug mode is enabled and available for non-secure mode.
>> Hence check 'DBGAUTHSTATUS.DBGEN' before proceeding to enable the
>> features.
>> Thanks to Will for pointers and Lokesh for the analysis of the issue on
>> OMAP4 where after a CPU power cycle, debug mode gets disabled.
>> Cc: Will Deacon <Will.Deacon@xxxxxxx>
>> Tested-by: Lokesh Vutla <lokeshvutla@xxxxxx>
>> Signed-off-by: Santosh Shilimkar <santosh.shilimkar@xxxxxx>
>> ---
>> arch/arm/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c | 8 ++++++++
>> 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+)
>> diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c b/arch/arm/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
>> index 96093b7..683a7cf 100644
>> --- a/arch/arm/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
>> +++ b/arch/arm/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
>> @@ -930,6 +930,14 @@ static void reset_ctrl_regs(void *unused)
>> int i, raw_num_brps, err = 0, cpu = smp_processor_id();
>> u32 val;
>> + /* Check if we have access to CPU debug features */
>> + ARM_DBG_READ(c7, c14, 6, val);
>> + if ((val & 0x1) == 0) {
>> + pr_warn_once("CPU %d debug is unavailable\n", cpu);
>> + cpumask_or(&debug_err_mask, &debug_err_mask, cpumask_of(cpu));
>> + return;
>> + }
> There are a few of problems here:
> 1. That is only checking for non-secure access, which precludes
> running Linux in secure mode.
We can check bit 4 as well to take care linux running in secure mode.

> 2. DBGAUTHSTATUS accesses are UNPREDICTABLE when the double-lock is
> set for v7.1 processors.
> 3. DBGAUTHSTATUS doesn't exist in ARMv6.
We cans skip the code for these versions like...
if (!ARM_DEBUG_ARCH_V7_ECP14 == get_debug_arch())
goto skip_dbgsts_read;

> 4. CPUs without the security extensions have DBGAUTHSTATUS.NSE == 0
Which bit is that ? I don't find this bit in Cortex-A9 docs. With all
these checks, may be a separate function like 'is_debug_available()'
would be better.

> 5. Accessing DBGAUTHSTATUS requires DBGEN to be driven high.
> Assuming that your pr_warn_once is emitted, this implies that
> DBGEN is driven high from cold boot, yet the NSE bit is low,
> implying that DBGEN is also low. That's contradictory, so I have
> no idea what's going on...
Me neither. The warning is emitted at least.

> Apart from that, it's fine!
If you agree, I can update patch accordingly.
BTW, do you have any better trick to take care of
above scenraio ?

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