[PATCH v5 00/12] x86/microcode: Early load microcode

From: Fenghua Yu
Date: Fri Dec 21 2012 - 09:46:48 EST

From: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@xxxxxxxxx>

The problem in current microcode loading method is that we load a microcode way,
way too late; ideally we should load it before turning paging on. This may only
be practical on 32 bits since we can't get to 64-bit mode without paging on,
but we should still do it as early as at all possible.

Similarly, we should load the microcode update as early as possible during AP
bringup and when processors are brought back online after hotplug or S3/S4.

In order to do that, the microcode patch needs to be permanently present in
kernel memory. Each individual patch is fairly small, so that is OK, but the
entire blob with support for each CPU is too big. Since only CPU's with same
model can be in the same platform, we store microcode with the same model as
BSP. Later on APs can upload microcode from the saved microcodep patches.

Note, however, that Linux users have gotten used to being able to install a
microcode patch in the field without having a reboot; we support that model too.

In x86_64, this patchset needs early #PF handler set page table patchset. So
this patchset is based on:
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/yinghai/linux-yinghai.git for-x86-boot

v5: Call 64 bit load_ucode_bsp() after copy_bootdata() and remove its

v4: Change CPUID_IS macro. Call load_ucode_bsp after load_idt in x86_64. Flush
tlb after applying microcode.

v3: Change .hex to .bin in 01/10 and 05/10 patches. Fix some compilation
warnings. In x86_32 mode, access global varialbes by __pa_symobl() and fix
static string issue in x86_vendor(). Call load_ucode_ap() in real mode as well.
Add debug info.

v2: Detect vendor before loading microcode. Move some functions from
microcode_intel_early.c to microcode_intel_lib.c. Change some early loading
microcode dependencies in Kconfig. Reword doc.

Fenghua Yu (12):
Documentation/x86: Early load microcode
x86/microcode_intel.h: Define functions and macros for early loading
x86/common.c: Make have_cpuid_p() a global function
x86/common.c: load ucode in 64 bit or show loading ucode info in 32
bit on AP
x86/microcode_core_early.c: Define interfaces for early loading ucode
x86/microcode_intel_lib.c: Early update ucode on Intel's CPU
x86/tlbflush.h: Define __native_flush_tlb_global_irq_disabled()
x86/microcode_intel_early.c: Early update ucode on Intel's CPU
x86/head_32.S: Early update ucode in 32-bit
x86/head64.c: Early update ucode in 64-bit
x86/mm/init.c: Copy ucode from initrd image to kernel memory
x86/Kconfig: Configurations to enable/disable the feature

Documentation/x86/early-microcode.txt | 43 ++
arch/x86/Kconfig | 18 +
arch/x86/include/asm/microcode.h | 14 +
arch/x86/include/asm/microcode_intel.h | 85 ++++
arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h | 8 +
arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h | 18 +-
arch/x86/kernel/Makefile | 3 +
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c | 17 +-
arch/x86/kernel/head64.c | 6 +
arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S | 11 +
arch/x86/kernel/microcode_core.c | 7 +-
arch/x86/kernel/microcode_core_early.c | 76 +++
arch/x86/kernel/microcode_intel.c | 198 ++------
arch/x86/kernel/microcode_intel_early.c | 796 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/kernel/microcode_intel_lib.c | 174 +++++++
arch/x86/mm/init.c | 10 +
16 files changed, 1301 insertions(+), 183 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/x86/early-microcode.txt
create mode 100644 arch/x86/include/asm/microcode_intel.h
create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/microcode_core_early.c
create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/microcode_intel_early.c
create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/microcode_intel_lib.c


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