Re: [tip:x86/microcode] x86/microcode_intel_early.c: Early updateucode on Intel's CPU

From: Jacob Shin
Date: Wed Dec 19 2012 - 16:07:06 EST

On Wed, Dec 19, 2012 at 09:37:51PM +0100, Borislav Petkov wrote:
> On Sat, Dec 15, 2012 at 03:17:05PM -0800, H. Peter Anvin wrote:
> > On 12/15/2012 03:15 PM, Yinghai Lu wrote:
> > >>
> > >>That is for the kernel region itself (that code is actually unchanged from
> > >>the current code), and yes, we could cap that one to _end if there are
> > >>systems which have bugs in that area. The dynamic page tables map 1G
> > >>aligned at a time.
> > >
> > >dynamic should be 2M too.
> > >
> > >AMD system:
> > >
> > >;a=commitdiff;h=66520ebc2df3fe52eb4792f8101fac573b766baf
> > >
> > > BIOS-e820: [mem 0x0000000100000000-0x000000e037ffffff] usable
> > > BIOS-e820: [mem 0x000000e038000000-0x000000fcffffffff] reserved
> > > BIOS-e820: [mem 0x0000010000000000-0x0000011ffeffffff] usable
> > >
> > >the hole is not 1G aligned.
> > >
> > >or HT region is from e040000000 ?
> > >
> >
> > The HT region starts at 0xfd00000000 -- after that reserved region,
> > so I have no idea what that particular system is trying to do or
> > what is requirements are (nor what its MTRR setup is, since you
> > didn't post it.)
> This is something that Jacob should be able to answer since he's been
> dealing with the 1T support.
> Jacob, how is the HT hole marked on AMD? I know hazily that we do say
> "all memory regions cacheable by default if not explicitly marked" but
> we need to exclude the HT hole from that, right?
> So how are we doing that, MTRRs?

HT hole is architectural, I guess in manuals somewhere and is:
0xfd00000000 ~ 0x10000000000. CPU cannot generate memory read/write in
that region.

On that above particular system, there is 1TB of total RAM, and since
we do not want to loose memory around the HT hole, what BIOS has done
is programmed the DRAM controller to move the last 128 GB of memory
to above the HT region. There are 8 memory nodes, the last DRAM
address of the 7th node is 0xe038000000. Then there is a hole and the
first address of the last memory node starts at 1TB.

MTRRs only cover under 4GB, and does not cover the HT hole.

Yinghai's mm patchset to only direct map regions backed by RAM solves
our memory hole around HT area.

I've tested Yinghai's patchset (several of early versions)
successfully on our above 1TB system. I'll try the latest tip/mm2
again sometime later today, but I'm pretty sure it should be fine.



> Thanks.
> --
> Regards/Gruss,
> Boris.
> Sent from a fat crate under my desk. Formatting is fine.
> --

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