Re: [RFC] Extend mwait idle to optimize away IPIs when possible

From: Peter Zijlstra
Date: Mon Feb 06 2012 - 16:02:57 EST

On Mon, 2012-02-06 at 12:42 -0800, Venkatesh Pallipadi wrote:
> smp_call_function_single and ttwu_queue_remote sends unconditional IPI
> to target CPU. However, if the target CPU is in mwait based idle, we can
> do IPI-less wakeups using the magical powers of monitor-mwait.
> Doing this has certain advantages:
> * Lower overhead on Async IPI send path. Measurements on Westmere based
> systems show savings on "no wait" smp_call_function_single with idle
> target CPU (as measured on the sender side).
> local socket smp_call_func cost goes from ~1600 to ~1200 cycles
> remote socket smp_call_func cost goes from ~2000 to ~1800 cycles
> * Avoiding actual interrupts shows a measurable reduction (10%) in system
> non-idle cycles and cache-references with micro-benchmark sending IPI from
> one CPU to all the other mostly idle CPUs in the system.
> * On a mostly idle system, turbostat shows a tiny decrease in C0(active) time
> and a corresponding increase in C6 state (Each row being 10min avg)
> %c0 %c1 %c6
> Before
> Run 1 1.51 2.93 95.55
> Run 2 1.48 2.86 95.65
> Run 3 1.46 2.78 95.74
> After
> Run 1 1.35 2.63 96.00
> Run 2 1.46 2.78 95.74
> Run 3 1.37 2.63 95.98
> * As a bonus, we can avoid sched/call IPI overhead altogether in a special case.
> When CPU Y has woken up CPU X (which can take 50-100us to actually wakeup
> from a deep idle state) and CPU Z wants to send IPI to CPU X in this period.
> It can get it for free.
> We started looking at this with one of our workloads where system is partially
> busy and we noticed some kernel hotspots in find_next_bit and
> default_send_IPI_mask_sequence_phys coming from sched wakeup (futex wakeups)
> and networking call functions. So, this change addresses those two specific
> IPI types. This could be extended to nohz_kick, etc.
> Note:
> * This only helps when target CPU is idle. When it is busy we will still send
> IPI as before.
> * Only for X86_64 and mwait_idle_with_hints for now, with limited testing.
> * Will need some accounting for these wakeups exported for powertop and friends.
> Comments?

Curiously you avoided the existing tsk_is_polling() magic, which IIRC is
doing something similar for waking from the idle loop.

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