Re: Memory corruption due to word sharing

From: Torvald Riegel
Date: Wed Feb 01 2012 - 15:54:29 EST

On Wed, 2012-02-01 at 09:29 -0800, Linus Torvalds wrote:
> On Wed, Feb 1, 2012 at 9:08 AM, Torvald Riegel <triegel@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> >
> > What do the kernel folks think about the C11 memory model? If you can
> > spot any issues in there, the GCC community would certainly like to
> > know.
> I don't think this is about memory models except very tangentially.
> Gcc currently accesses fields in a way that affects *independent*
> fields, without checking their memory models at all.
> Even original C already has one memory model: "volatile" data is seen
> outside the virtual C machine. And Jiri reports that even that
> *original* memory model is being violated. We're taling about the one
> from about 40 years ago.

For volatile, I agree.

However, the original btrfs example was *without* a volatile, and that's
why I raised the memory model point. This triggered an error in a
concurrent execution, so that's memory model land, at least in C
language standard.

The example was a granularity-of-access violation, I agree.
Nonetheless, C11 has rules for that, they have been written down, it
would good to know whether these rules are sufficient for you.

> We do end up doing
> much more aggressive threading, with models that C11 simply doesn't
> cover.

Any specific examples for that would be interesting.

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