Re: [patch 0/9] kdump: Patch series for s390 support

From: Michael Holzheu
Date: Fri Jul 22 2011 - 05:33:41 EST

Hello Vivek,

On Thu, 2011-07-21 at 17:22 -0400, Vivek Goyal wrote:
> On Thu, Jul 21, 2011 at 04:58:18PM +0200, Michael Holzheu wrote:
> > We would change the purgatory code that for s390 it returns to the
> > caller, if the checksum test fails. This *requires* that
> > s390_kdump_entry()->crash_kexec()->machine_kexec() is allowed to return.
> > Currently this is the case.
> Can we directly jump to entry point of stand alone dump tools from purgaotry
> if checksum fails? We should be able to set this entry point in user space
> while loading kdump kernel.

I described a new idea with forced program check below.

> > > Only thing which needs to be figured out is how to pass the address of
> > > crash_kexec() to stand alone tools and set registers/parameters
> > > appropriately.
> >
> > We could do this s390 specific (e.g. using meminfo). In this case this
> > would only be used for kernel/dump tools communication and not for
> > kernel/kernel communication. So I hope this should not be a problem for
> > you.
> So you will be preparing a block/segment of data (called meminfo, though
> this name does not make much sense anymore), and pass it to second kernel?
> All done in user space and no first kernel involvement?
> I am trying to remember the details that how do you tell second kernel
> where this this data block is. I recall that last time you said something
> about setting this in kernel in kexec-tools but I did not understand it.

Better you forget everything :-)

We will establish a s390 specific mechanism that allows dump tools to
find s390_kdump_entry and does not affect the kdump framework. Hopefully
nothing you have to worry about.

> >
> > Then the design would look like the following:
> > * Define s390_kdump_entry in old kernel that calls crash_kexec()
> > * Use preallocated ELF core header
> > * s390_kdump_entry code path stores registers to ELF notes, ...
> crash_kexec() -> crash_setup_regs() already does that. We just need to
> define an s390 specific crash_setup_regs().

I looked at the code. x86 seems to store only registers for current CPU.
Where are all other CPUs stored? ia64 has an empty implementation. Where
are registers stored there?

> > * ... and finally jumps to purgatory code
> > * For s390 the purgatory code returns to caller in case of
> > checksum failure
> > * dump tools call s390_kdump_entry with program check handler
> > for error handling
> I thought that program check handler will call something else and not
> s390_kdump_entry()? Because program check handler is supposed to hit
> when any of the code we are executing is corrupted and we can not
> jump to kdump tool any more. Otherwise we will be nesting.

Looks like the sentence was misleading. What I wanted to say is:
* First dump tools setup program check handler that jumps back to
dump tool in case kdump fails
* Then dump tools call s390_dump_entry

> >
> > I think, if we do it that way, we do not affect the current kdump
> > framework at all.
> Can you give some more details about various code flows and entry points.
> Like panic() path, hard hang path. From your mail it sounds that even
> with program check handler, after panic() you would like to jump to
> stand alone tools first and then call s390_kdump_entry(). I think that
> should not be required any more as you are not doing any checksumming
> in dump tools anymore?

Ok some code flows:

Generally we have the flow:
* crash_kexec -> machine_kexec -> purgatory -> kdump

crash_kexec can be entered by e.g.:
* panic -> kdump shutdown action -> crash_kexec
* panic -> s390 dump shutdown action -> auto IPL dump tool -> s390_kdump_entry -> crash_kexec
* hard hang -> manual IPL dump tool -> s390_kdump_entry -> crash_kexec

Handling for corrupted kdump:

New idea for returning to dump tools in case of program check:
We could force a program check for s390, if purgatory checksum
fails. Then we would automatically return to stand-alone dump

The flow would look like the following in this case:

IPL dump tool -> s390_kdump_entry -> crash_kexec +--> purgatory -+->[checksum ok]---> kdump
^ | |
| | [checksum fail]
| | |
| | [forced program check]
+------[program check]---------------------+ |
| |

Then of course also the kernel code would have to install a special
program check handler before calling purgatory.


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