Re: [PATCH 4/4] memcg: prevent from reclaiming if there are per-cpucached charges

From: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
Date: Thu Jul 21 2011 - 07:01:25 EST

On Thu, 21 Jul 2011 10:28:10 +0200
Michal Hocko <mhocko@xxxxxxx> wrote:

> If we fail to charge an allocation for a cgroup we usually have to fall
> back into direct reclaim (mem_cgroup_hierarchical_reclaim).
> The charging code, however, currently doesn't care about per-cpu charge
> caches which might have up to (nr_cpus - 1) * CHARGE_BATCH pre charged
> pages (the current cache is already drained, otherwise we wouldn't get
> to mem_cgroup_do_charge).
> That can be quite a lot on boxes with big amounts of CPUs so we can end
> up reclaiming even though there are charges that could be used. This
> will typically happen in a multi-threaded applications pined to many CPUs
> which allocates memory heavily.

Do you have example and score, numbers on your test ?

> Currently we are draining caches during reclaim
> (mem_cgroup_hierarchical_reclaim) but this can be already late as we
> could have already reclaimed from other groups in the hierarchy.
> The solution for this would be to synchronously drain charges early when
> we fail to charge and retry the charge once more.
> I think it still makes sense to keep async draining in the reclaim path
> as it is used from other code paths as well (e.g. limit resize). It will
> not do any work if we drained previously anyway.
> Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@xxxxxxx>

I don't like this solution, at all.

Assume 2 cpu SMP, (a special case), and 2 applications running under
a memcg.

- one is running in SCHED_FIFO.
- another is running into mem_cgroup_do_charge() and call drain_all_stock_sync().

Then, the application stops until SCHED_FIFO application release the cpu.

In general, I don't think waiting for schedule_work() against multiple cpus
is not quicker than short memory reclaim. Adding flush_work() here means
that a context switch is requred before calling direct reclaim. That's bad.
(At leaset, please check __GFP_NOWAIT.)

Please find another way, I think calling synchronous drain here is overkill.
There are not important file caches in the most case and reclaim is quick.
(And async draining runs.)

How about automatically adjusting CHARGE_BATCH and make it small when the
system is near to limit ? or flushing ->stock periodically ?


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