Re: [PATCH]vmscan: fix a livelock in kswapd
From: Minchan Kim
Date: Wed Jul 20 2011 - 00:09:43 EST
On Wed, Jul 20, 2011 at 9:43 AM, Shaohua Li <shaohua.li@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> On Wed, 2011-07-20 at 00:51 +0800, Minchan Kim wrote:
>> On Tue, Jul 19, 2011 at 04:53:04PM +0800, Shaohua Li wrote:
>> > On Tue, 2011-07-19 at 16:45 +0800, Minchan Kim wrote:
>> > > On Tue, Jul 19, 2011 at 4:09 PM, Shaohua Li <shaohua.li@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>> > > > I'm running a workload which triggers a lot of swap in a machine with 4 nodes.
>> > > > After I kill the workload, I found a kswapd livelock. Sometimes kswapd3 or
>> > > > kswapd2 are keeping running and I can't access filesystem, but most memory is
>> > > > free. This looks like a regression since commit 08951e545918c159.
>> > >
>> > > Could you tell me what is 08951e545918c159?
>> > > You mean [ebd64e21ec5a,
>> > > mm-vmscan-only-read-new_classzone_idx-from-pgdat-when-reclaiming-successfully]
>> > > ?
>> > ha, sorry, I should copy the commit title.
>> > 08951e545918c159(mm: vmscan: correct check for kswapd sleeping in
>> > sleeping_prematurely)
>> I don't mean it. In my bogus git tree, I can't find it but I can look at it in repaired git tree. :)
>> Anyway, I have a comment. Please look at below.
>> On Tue, Jul 19, 2011 at 03:09:27PM +0800, Shaohua Li wrote:
>> > I'm running a workload which triggers a lot of swap in a machine with 4 nodes.
>> > After I kill the workload, I found a kswapd livelock. Sometimes kswapd3 or
>> > kswapd2 are keeping running and I can't access filesystem, but most memory is
>> > free. This looks like a regression since commit 08951e545918c159.
>> > Node 2 and 3 have only ZONE_NORMAL, but balance_pgdat() will return 0 for
>> > classzone_idx. The reason is end_zone in balance_pgdat() is 0 by default, if
>> > all zones have watermark ok, end_zone will keep 0.
>> > Later sleeping_prematurely() always returns true. Because this is an order 3
>> > wakeup, and if classzone_idx is 0, both balanced_pages and present_pages
>> > in pgdat_balanced() are 0.
>> Sigh. Yes.
>> > We add a special case here. If a zone has no page, we think it's balanced. This
>> > fixes the livelock.
>> Yes. Your patch can fix it but I don't like that it adds handling special case.
>> (Although Andrew merged quickly).
> The special case is reasonable, because if a zone has no page, it should
> be considered balanced.
Yes. It's not bad and even simple but my concern is that at the moment
kswapd code is very complicated and it's not hot path so I would like
to add more readable code.
>> The problem is to return 0-classzone_idx if all zones was okay.
>> So how about this?
> My original implementation is like this (I return a populated zone with
> minimum zone index). But I changed my mind later. the end_zone is zone
> we work, so return 0 is reasonable, because all zones are ok. Maybe we
If it is reasonable, did you work on ZONE_DMA(zone index: 0)?
> should return -1 if all zones are ok, but this is another story.
I think that return classzone_id(-1) and handle such case is more readable.
>> This can change old behavior slightly.
>> For example, if balance_pgdat calls with order-3 and all zones are okay about order-3,
>> it will recheck order-0 as end_zone isn't 0 any more.
>> But I think it's desriable side effect we have missed.
> if order-3 is ok, order-0 is ok too I think, so the check is
No. It's not for the zone but *zones.
In case of reclaiming higher order zone, it can sleep without all
zones being balanced so that precious order-0 of some zone would be
Even we can lost chance of clearing congestion flag of the zone.
It would be a another patch.
In conclusion, I would like to avoid complicated thing but I am going
to be not against you strongly if other doesn't agree on me.
I might need a time to clean kswapd's spagetti up.
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