[RFC] Block IO Controller V1

From: Vivek Goyal
Date: Tue Nov 03 2009 - 18:47:56 EST

Hi All,

This is V1 of the Block IO controller patches on top of 2.6.32-rc5.

A consolidated patch can be found here:


After the discussions at IO minisummit at Tokyo, Japan, it was agreed that
one single IO control policy at either leaf nodes or at higher level nodes
does not meet all the requirements and we need something so that we have
the capability to support more than one IO control policy (like proportional
weight division and max bandwidth control) and also have capability to
implement some of these policies at higher level logical devices.

It was agreed that CFQ is the right place to implement time based proportional
weight division policy. Other policies like max bandwidth control/throttling
will make more sense at higher level logical devices.

This patch introduces blkio cgroup controller. It provides the management
interface for the block IO control. The idea is that keep the interface
common and in the background we should be able to switch policies based on
user options. Hence user can control the IO throughout the IO stack with
a single cgroup interface.

Apart from blkio cgroup interface, this patchset also modifies CFQ to implement
time based proportional weight division of disk. CFQ already does it in flat
mode. It has been modified to do group IO scheduling also.

IO control is a huge problem and the moment we start addressing all the
issues in one patchset, it bloats to unmanageable proportions and then nothing
gets inside the kernel. So at io mini summit we agreed that lets take small
steps and once a piece of code is inside the kernel and stablized, take the
next step. So this is the first step.

Some parts of the code are based on BFQ patches posted by Paolo and Fabio.

Your feedback is welcome.

- Support async IO control (buffered writes).

Buffered writes is a beast and requires changes at many a places to solve the
problem and patchset becomes huge. Hence first we plan to support only sync
IO in control then work on async IO too.

Some of the work items identified are.

- Per memory cgroup dirty ratio
- Possibly modification of writeback to force writeback from a
particular cgroup.
- Implement IO tracking support so that a bio can be mapped to a cgroup.
- Per group request descriptor infrastructure in block layer.
- At CFQ level, implement per cfq_group async queues.

In this patchset, all the async IO goes in system wide queues and there are
no per group async queues. That means we will see service differentiation
only for sync IO only. Async IO willl be handled later.

- Support for higher level policies like max BW controller.


Documentation/cgroups/blkio-controller.txt | 106 +++
block/Kconfig | 22 +
block/Kconfig.iosched | 17 +
block/Makefile | 1 +
block/blk-cgroup.c | 343 ++++++++
block/blk-cgroup.h | 67 ++
block/cfq-iosched.c | 1187 ++++++++++++++++++++++-----
include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h | 6 +
include/linux/iocontext.h | 4 +
9 files changed, 1533 insertions(+), 220 deletions(-)
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