Re: [PATCHv6 1/3] tun: export underlying socket

From: Michael S. Tsirkin
Date: Tue Nov 03 2009 - 07:34:26 EST

On Tue, Nov 03, 2009 at 01:12:33PM +0100, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
> On Monday 02 November 2009, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> > Tun device looks similar to a packet socket
> > in that both pass complete frames from/to userspace.
> >
> > This patch fills in enough fields in the socket underlying tun driver
> > to support sendmsg/recvmsg operations, and message flags
> > MSG_TRUNC and MSG_DONTWAIT, and exports access to this socket
> > to modules. Regular read/write behaviour is unchanged.
> >
> > This way, code using raw sockets to inject packets
> > into a physical device, can support injecting
> > packets into host network stack almost without modification.
> >
> > First user of this interface will be vhost virtualization
> > accelerator.
> You mentioned before that you wanted to export the socket
> using some ioctl function returning an open file descriptor,
> which seemed to be a cleaner approach than this one.

Note that a similar feature can be implemented on top of tun_get_socket,
as seen from patch below.

> What was your reason for changing?

It turns out socket structure is really bound to specific a file, so we
can not have 2 files referencing the same socket. Instead, as I say
above, it's possible to make sendmsg/recvmsg work on tap file directly.

For vhost, the advantage of such a feature over using tun_get_socket
directly would be that vhost module won't depend on tun module then. I
have implemented this (patch below), but decided to go with the simple
thing first. Since no userspace-visible changes are involved, let's do
this by small steps: it will be easier to figure out when vhost
is upstream.


Note: patch below aplies on top of patch tun: export underlying socket.
It is not intended for merge yet.

net: convert tun device to socket

Add callback to file_ops to retrieve socket from
file structure. Use this to make tun character device
accept sendmsg/recvmsg calls.

Signed-off-by: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@xxxxxxxxxx>

diff --git a/drivers/net/tun.c b/drivers/net/tun.c
index b58095a..53e1806 100644
--- a/drivers/net/tun.c
+++ b/drivers/net/tun.c
@@ -1405,7 +1405,8 @@ static const struct file_operations tun_fops = {
.unlocked_ioctl = tun_chr_ioctl,
.open = tun_chr_open,
.release = tun_chr_close,
- .fasync = tun_chr_fasync
+ .fasync = tun_chr_fasync,
+ .get_socket = tun_get_socket,

static struct miscdevice tun_miscdev = {
diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index 2620a8c..f2b381f 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -1506,6 +1506,9 @@ struct file_operations {
ssize_t (*splice_write)(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct file *, loff_t *, size_t, unsigned int);
ssize_t (*splice_read)(struct file *, loff_t *, struct pipe_inode_info *, size_t, unsigned int);
int (*setlease)(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **);
+#ifdef CONFIG_NET
+ struct socket *(*get_socket)(struct file *file);

struct inode_operations {
diff --git a/net/socket.c b/net/socket.c
index 9dff31c..700efcb 100644
--- a/net/socket.c
+++ b/net/socket.c
@@ -119,6 +119,11 @@ static ssize_t sock_splice_read(struct file *file, loff_t *ppos,
struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, size_t len,
unsigned int flags);

+static struct socket *sock_get_socket(struct file *file)
+ return file->private_data; /* set in sock_map_fd */
* Socket files have a set of 'special' operations as well as the generic file ones. These don't appear
* in the operation structures but are done directly via the socketcall() multiplexor.
@@ -141,6 +146,7 @@ static const struct file_operations socket_file_ops = {
.sendpage = sock_sendpage,
.splice_write = generic_splice_sendpage,
.splice_read = sock_splice_read,
+ .get_socket = sock_get_socket,

@@ -416,8 +422,8 @@ int sock_map_fd(struct socket *sock, int flags)

static struct socket *sock_from_file(struct file *file, int *err)
- if (file->f_op == &socket_file_ops)
- return file->private_data; /* set in sock_map_fd */
+ if (file->f_op->get_socket)
+ return file->f_op->get_socket(file);

*err = -ENOTSOCK;
return NULL;

To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
More majordomo info at
Please read the FAQ at