Re: [PATCH v1 0/8] Deferred dput() and iput() -- reducing lock contention

From: Andi Kleen
Date: Wed Jan 21 2009 - 03:33:19 EST

On Tue, Jan 20, 2009 at 10:22:00PM -0800, Mike Waychison wrote:
> Andi Kleen wrote:
> >Mike Waychison <mikew@xxxxxxxxxx> writes:
> >
> >>livelock on dcache_lock/inode_lock (specifically in
> >>atomic_dec_and_lock())
> >
> >I'm not sure how something can livelock in atomic_dec_and_lock which
> >doesn't take a spinlock itself? Are you saying you run into NUMA memory
> >unfairness here? Or did I misparse you?
> By atomic_dec_and_lock, I really meant to say _atomic_dec_and_lock().

Ok. So it's basically just the lock that is taken?

In theory one could likely provide an x86 specific dec-and_lock that
might perform better and doesn't lock if the count is still > 0, but that
would only help if the reference count is still > 0. Is that a common
situation in your test?

> It takes the spinlock if the cmpxchg hidden inside atomic_dec_unless fails.
> There are likely NUMA unfairness issues at play, but it's not the main
> worry at this point.
> >
> >>This patchset is an attempt to try and reduce the locking overheads
> >>associated
> >>with final dput() and final iput(). This is done by batching dentries and
> >>inodes into per-process queues and processing them in 'parallel' to
> >>consolidate
> >>some of the locking.
> >
> >I was wondering what this does to the latencies when dput/iput
> >is only done for very objects. Does it increase costs then
> >significantly?
> very objects?


"is only done for very few objects". Somnhow the few got lost.
Basically latency in the unloaded case.

I always worry when people do complicated things for the high
load case how the more usual "do it for a single object" workload

> >
> >As a high level comment it seems like a lot of work to work
> >around global locks, like the inode_lock, where it might be better to
> >just split the lock up? Mind you I don't have a clear proposal
> >how to do that, but surely it's doable somehow.
> >
> Perhaps.. the only plausible way I can think this would be doable would
> be to rework the global resources (like the global inode_unused LRU list

One simple way would be to just use multiple lists with an own lock
each. I doubt that would impact the LRU behaviour very much.

> and deal with inode state transitions), but even then, some sort of
> consistency needs to happen at the super_block level,

The sb could also look at multiple lists?

ak@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx -- Speaking for myself only.
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