kswapd high CPU usage with no swap
From: Jan Kundrát
Date: Mon Sep 24 2007 - 20:24:22 EST
I use a 2.6.22-gentoo-r2 SMP kernel with fglrx 8.40.4 , tp_smapi-0.32
and ipw3945-1.2.0 on a Thinkpad T60 with dual core Intel Core CPU. My
root filesystem is XFS stored on an internal SATA disk, and I have 1GB
of RAM and no swap.
After several suspend to RAM/resume cycles, the X interface got pretty
slow today. Looking at the top output, I see that one core was
completely busy in the "wa" state and according to `ps auxww`, the
kswapd0 process was in uninterruptable deep sleep.
I don't use any swap because my applications rarely need more memory
than I have in my system and using 1GB of swap yielded poor performance
when it was actually accessed. I know I can tweak VM's preferences, but
I simply don't feel the need to use swap when I have "plenty" of memory.
That said, I've googled a thread  which recommends using at least a
small swap because VM somehow performs better with it.
So I created a small (12MB) swap on a physical partition on the same
SATA disk and swapon-ed it. The swap got full immediately but the load
didn't get lower. After that, I've turned it off again, adjusted its
size to be about 1GB and enabled it again. Several tens of seconds
later, swap usage was at approximately 350MB and RAM usage at about
60MB. There was no unusual activity at the background (no intensive
cronned jobs, no locate, nothing, just an idle KDE session with bunch of
idling applications). Touching the swappiness value (0, 10, 40, 60 and
100) didn't change anything on the fact that switching from one
application to another was slow, and even moving a mouse cursor
(USB-attached mouse) in X was delayed and not smooth.
Could you please provide a hint about what might cause such problems,
what am I doing wrong and how can I avoid it? If there are any details
like kernel config that are relevant here, I'll happily provide them.
I'd also appreciate if you keep me on the CC as I'm not subscribed to
this list. If this is not an appropriate place to ask, please accept my
 I'm aware of the fact that fglrx is a binary closed source and that
the kernel is tainted by its usage. Unfortunately no other driver
besides VESA supports my VGA card.
cd /local/pub && more beer > /dev/mouth
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