[PATCH 1/5] update Documentation/driver-model/platform.txt

From: Greg Kroah-Hartman
Date: Fri Jun 08 2007 - 16:05:46 EST

From: David Brownell <david-b@xxxxxxxxxxx>

Make note of the legacy "probe-the-hardware" drivers, and some APIs that
are mostly unused except by such drivers. We probably can't escape having
legacy drivers for a while (e.g. old ISA drivers), but we can at least
discourage this style code for new drivers, and unless it's unavoidable.

Signed-off-by: David Brownell <dbrownell@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Andres Salomon <dilinger@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Dmitry Torokhov <dtor@xxxxxxx>
Cc: Russell King <rmk@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@xxxxxxx>
Documentation/driver-model/platform.txt | 40 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 files changed, 40 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/driver-model/platform.txt b/Documentation/driver-model/platform.txt
index 19c4a6e..2a97320 100644
--- a/Documentation/driver-model/platform.txt
+++ b/Documentation/driver-model/platform.txt
@@ -96,6 +96,46 @@ System setup also associates those clocks with the device, so that that
calls to clk_get(&pdev->dev, clock_name) return them as needed.

+Legacy Drivers: Device Probing
+Some drivers are not fully converted to the driver model, because they take
+on a non-driver role: the driver registers its platform device, rather than
+leaving that for system infrastructure. Such drivers can't be hotplugged
+or coldplugged, since those mechanisms require device creation to be in a
+different system component than the driver.
+The only "good" reason for this is to handle older system designs which, like
+original IBM PCs, rely on error-prone "probe-the-hardware" models for hardware
+configuration. Newer systems have largely abandoned that model, in favor of
+bus-level support for dynamic configuration (PCI, USB), or device tables
+provided by the boot firmware (e.g. PNPACPI on x86). There are too many
+conflicting options about what might be where, and even educated guesses by
+an operating system will be wrong often enough to make trouble.
+This style of driver is discouraged. If you're updating such a driver,
+please try to move the device enumeration to a more appropriate location,
+outside the driver. This will usually be cleanup, since such drivers
+tend to already have "normal" modes, such as ones using device nodes that
+were created by PNP or by platform device setup.
+None the less, there are some APIs to support such legacy drivers. Avoid
+using these calls except with such hotplug-deficient drivers.
+ struct platform_device *platform_device_alloc(
+ char *name, unsigned id);
+You can use platform_device_alloc() to dynamically allocate a device, which
+you will then initialize with resources and platform_device_register().
+A better solution is usually:
+ struct platform_device *platform_device_register_simple(
+ char *name, unsigned id,
+ struct resource *res, unsigned nres);
+You can use platform_device_register_simple() as a one-step call to allocate
+and register a device.
Device Naming and Driver Binding
The platform_device.dev.bus_id is the canonical name for the devices.

To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/