Re: [patch] i386/x86_64: smp_call_function locking inconsistency

From: Andi Kleen
Date: Fri Jun 08 2007 - 15:44:41 EST

On Thursday 07 June 2007 16:07:04 Satyam Sharma wrote:
> Hi,
> I'm about six months late here(!), but I noticed this bug in
> arch/x86_64/kernel/smp.c while preparing another related
> patch today and then found this thread during Googling ...
> On 2/9/07, Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > On i386/x86_64 smp_call_function_single() takes call_lock with
> > spin_lock_bh(). To me this would imply that it is legal to call
> > smp_call_function_single() from softirq context.
> > It's not since smp_call_function() takes call_lock with just
> > spin_lock(). We can easily deadlock:
> >
> > -> [process context]
> > -> smp_call_function()
> > -> spin_lock(&call_lock)
> > -> IRQ -> do_softirq -> tasklet
> > -> [softirq context]
> > -> smp_call_function_single()
> > -> spin_lock_bh(&call_lock)
> > -> dead
> You're absolutely right, and this bug still exists in the latest -git.

bug is definitely too strong a word. It might be unnecessary to disable bhs,
but I don't see any bug in here as long as you can't show a case where
the smp_call_function() is called from BHs.

There was a patch floating around to use it from sysrq to display state
of all CPUs (and sysrq is softirq), but I don't think that ever
made it mainline.

And smp_call_function() can be called from panic which can violate
quite some assumptions, but some deadlock possibility there is ok.

I also don't like making it soft/hard irq save because that would
make it much more intrusive to the machine for no good reason
(e.g. slab can call it quite often in some cases)

The _bh should be probably just removed and possibly a WARN_ON added.

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