Re: [PATCH] PCI: Add pci shutdown ability

From: Alexander Nyberg
Date: Tue Apr 26 2005 - 11:10:40 EST

tis 2005-04-26 klockan 11:11 -0400 skrev Alan Stern:
> On Mon, 25 Apr 2005, Andrew Morton wrote:
> > I have vague memories of this being discussed at some length last year.
> > Nothing comprehensive came of it, except that perhaps the kdump code should
> > spin with irqs off for a couple of seconds so the DMA and IRQs stop.
> Like Pavel said, this won't work.
> > (Ongoing DMA is not a problem actually, because the kdump kernel won't be
> > using that memory anyway)
> For PCI devices at least, DMA _can_ be disabled in a uniform way as
> devices are discovered. Some platforms might not want to do this for fear
> it would kill the initial console display.
> IRQs _cannot_ be disabled in a uniform way. So they remain a problem.
> > For kdump we really don't want to be doing fancy driver shutdown inside a
> > crashed kernel. It would be better to just jump to the new kernel and
> > to reset the hardware from there. DMA doesn't matter, and maybe IRQs can
> > be handled with a sustained local_irq_disable() (hard).
> But at some point you have to enable local IRQs, and then you're in
> trouble if a device without a driver is generating requests. Unless the
> new kernel can run with interrupts entirely disabled? Seems pretty
> unlikely.

At least on x86 & x64 both i8259A and optional IOAPIC are initially
fully masked until a driver decides to open up a line.

If driver initialization fails then it should never open up the line on
the interrupt controller. So this shouldn't be a problem with interrupts
or am I missing something?
Shared interrupt lines do present a problem however as someone else gets
the chance to scream on an open line ultimately killing it, hmmm.

> The real problem is that, in general, hardware _can't_ be reset properly
> by a new kernel. There are things that can help, like the PCI USB quirks
> code. That might be enough to handle the most pressing existing problems;
> certainly it would avoid the USB issues we've seen. (But it needs to be
> updated to avoid interfering with normal operations during
> resume-from-disk.)

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