Re: anon_vma RFC2

From: Andrea Arcangeli
Date: Fri Mar 12 2004 - 12:14:37 EST

On Fri, Mar 12, 2004 at 11:25:27AM -0500, Rik van Riel wrote:
> pointing to a struct address_space with its anonymous
> memory. On exec() the mm_struct gets a new address_space,
> on fork parent and child share them.

isn't this what anonmm is already doing? are you suggesting something

> There's no difference between mremap() of anonymous memory
> and mremap() of part of an mmap() range of a file...
> At least, there doesn't need to be.

the anonmm simply cannot work because it's not reaching vmas, it only
reaches mm, and with an mm and a virtual address you cannot reach the
right vma if it was moved around by mremap, you don't even see any
vm_pgoff during the lookup, no way to fix anonmm with a prio_tree.

something in between anon_vma and anonmm that could handle mremap too
would been possible but it has downsides not fixable with a prio_tree,
and it consists in queueing all the _vmas_ (not the mm!) into an
anon_vma object, then you've to fixup the vma merging code to obey to
forbid merging with different vm_pgoff. That would be like anon_vma but
it would not be finegriend like anon_vma is, you'll end up scanning very
old vma segments in other address spaces despite you're working with
direct memory now. Such model (let's call it anon_vma_global) would save
8 bytes per vma of anonvma objects. Maybe that's the model that DaveM
implemented originally? I think my anon_vma is superior because more
finegriend (it also avoids the need of a prio_tree even if in theory we
could stack a prio_tree on top of every anon_vma, but it's really not
needed) and the memory usage is minimal anyways (the per-vma memory cost
is the same for anon_vma and anon_vma_global, only the total number of
anon_vma objects vary). the prio_tree wouldn't fix the intermediate
model because the vma ranges could match fine in all address spaces, so
you would need the prio_tree adding another 12 bytes to each vma (on top
of the 12 bytes addred by the anon_vma_global), but the pages would be
different because the vma->vm_mm is different and there can be copy on
writes. this cannot happen with an inode, so the prio_tree fixes the
inode completely while it doesn't fix the anon_vma_global design with 1
anon_vma only allocated at fork for all childs. anon_vma gets that
optimally instead (with a 8byte cost). so overall I think anon_vma is a
much better utilizations of the 12 bytes, rather than having a prio_tree
stacked on top of a anon_vma_global, I prefer to be finegrined and to
track the stuff that not even a prio tree can track when the vma->vm_mm
has different pages for every vma in the same range.
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