Re: [PATCH] sendfile compat functions on x86_64 and ia64
From: Alexey Toptygin
Date: Fri May 05 2006 - 18:19:29 EST
On Fri, 5 May 2006, Andi Kleen wrote:
On a 32 bit kernel (and on a 64 bit kernel using the native interface),
count is passed to sendfile as unsigned. rw_verify_area explicitly casts
To a 64bit signed.
before checking for negativeness. The only place anywhere in the
kernel that count is signed (other than where rw_verify area explicitly
casts it for one test) is in the declaration of sys32_sendfile in the
x86_64 compat code. I'm pretty sure it's supposed to be unsigned there
too, and the current code is a typo.
It's a 32bit signed.
Somehow the 32bit signed has to become a 64bit signed to be caught
by rw_verify_area(). The only place that can do that is the compat
I still think you misunderstand.
According to 32 bit libc, count is an unsigned 32 bit value. This unsigned
32 bit value is given to x86_64's sys32_sendfile, which _thinks_ it's a
signed 32 bit value. sys32_sendfile is passing it to sys_sendfile, which
expects an unsigned 64 bit value, so the compiler sign-extends it to 64
bits, then gives it to sys_sendfile as unsigned 64 bits. sys_sendfile
passes it to do_sendfile with the same type, so it goes there unchanged.
do_sendfile passes it to rw_verify_area with the same type, so it goes
there unchanged. rw_verify_area then does this:
if (unlikely((ssize_t) count < 0))
I agree that this test will pass if we change the declaration of count to
u32 in sys32_sendfile, but it should pass: this test isn't meant to catch
values that shouldn't be passed by a 32 bit program, it is only protecting
against math involving count wrapping later on in rw_verify_area. The test
agains MAX_NON_LFS (passed via max from sys_sendfile) later in do_sendfile
will still fail and reject values greater than ((1<<31)-1) passed in from
32 bit libc.
The ia64 compat path declares count to be unsigned, and presumably this is
working fine. That path is identical to the above, except sign extension
doesn't happen: a u32 value is just placed in a u64 variable.
As a result, the x86_64 and ia64 compat paths are inconsistent, so I think
one of them needs to change. Since every other path from userland into a
sendfile function has an unsigned count (and none of them appear to be
broken), I think the change needs to be in x86_64 sys32_sendfile. I think
the sign extension that is going on there now is completely unnecessary
and confusing; I think it's a happy accident that it didn't break
The only thing my patch does other than changing the signedness of count
in the declaration of x86_64 sys32_sendfile is relabelling the types of
offset and count to compat_off_t and compat_size_t. The underlying types
shouldn't change as a result, but I think this way what is going on is
much clearer: the compat_ types were defined for exactly this scenario of
64 bit kernel functions getting off_t and size_t values from a 32 bit
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