Re: [slightly OT] dvdrecord 0.3.1 -- and yes, dev=/dev/cdrom works;)
From: Phillip Susi
Date: Tue Feb 28 2006 - 13:57:51 EST
Jan Engelhardt wrote:
Yes. A 650 MB *CD*-RW (DVD-RW too?) formatted in packet mode only has like
500-something megabytes to allow for the sort of seeks required.
On DVD+RW, you get the full 4.3 GB (4.7 gB) AFAICS.
DVD-RAM physically is formatted like a hard disk. It is broken up into
zones that hold different numbers of sectors which are individually and
randomly read/writable. CD/DVD+-RW media is organized as a single long
groove that consists of an unbroken series of large blocks composed of
small blocks with user and control data interleaved and error corrected.
It is for this reason that historically it could only be recorded from
start to finish in one pass.
There are two modern techniques to allow pseudo random write access for
all forms of CD/DVD +/- RW media. These are packet mode, and mount
rainier mode. MRW mode formats the disk into 32 KB blocks made up of
2048 byte sectors which are individually writable as far as the OS
knows, because an MRW compliant drive is required to internally handle
any required read/modify/write cycles to update the 32 KB blocks. MRW
mode also reserves some of the disk for sector sparing which the drive
firmware also handles. MRW mode is typically used on dvd+rw media.
IIRC, this format typically "wastes" about 10% of the capacity of the
The other technique is packet mode. Packet mode formats the media into
packets of sectors and each packet can be randomly rewritten. The
current default size is only 32 sectors per packet. Each packet has 7
sectors of linking loss so around 18% of the disk space is wasted. I
recently submitted a patch to pktcdvd and have some patches to the
udftools package to support larger packet sizes. A packet size of 128
sectors reduces the waste to only 5.2%.
DVD+RW, on the other hand, I just thought was a different surface technology
(more expensive, higher quality) than DVD-RW. There is nothing to help with
the lead-in/lead-out problem that is why you have several megabytes of lead-in
and lead-out per session on a multi-session disc.
But maybe I'm wrong here... if I could use a DVD+RW like a DVD-RAM I'd be very
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