On February 18, 2002 02:15 pm, Andrea Arcangeli wrote:
> On Mon, Feb 18, 2002 at 01:59:42PM +0100, Daniel Phillips wrote:
> > Could you describe your page table deadlock-avoidance algorithm in more
> > detail please?
> There is nothing specific with the pagetables. If the lowmem was eat by
> skb instead of ptes you'd deadlock the very same way. The kernel will
> just see lots of cache in highmem and of swap available (not to tell the
> kernel never knows how much of such cache is really freeable or how much
> of the mappings are swappable and that's the very next problem that will
> leads to the same deadlock) and it will think there's "freeable" memory
> available and it will keep looping. That's simply plain broken. The
> only way if there's something freeable is to try to free it and if we
> fail we say "oom". You cannot say if there's something freeable by
> checking the cache size or the number of free swap pages, no-way.
> If in 2.5 we want perfect accounting of freeable resources instead, fine
> with me (that would math guarantee to never fail allocations if there's
> at least one page freeable, while right now you only can calculate a
> probabilistic measure), but it has to be _perfect_, and with 2.4 there
> isn't such perfect accounting, so we definitely cannot rely on cache
> size and swap available to know if to trigger oom or not. That's totally
> broken and it will deadlock. I care about those minor theorical things
> too, I want everything calculated and under control, I hate
> approximations that can leads to deadlocks, and it pays off eventually.
You're right, we have to get serious about doing what it takes to have a
precise accounting of pinned memory. What are we going to do, count the
number of 1->2 and 2->1 transitions on page->count? Or should we have a
pin/unpin_page(page) api? Or what?
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